15 April 2017
The fiasco over Julia Samoylova’s and Russia’s appearance at Eurovision Song Contest of 2017 in Kyiv reached its predictable conclusion when the European Broadcasting Union announced Russia will not be participating. With the Ukrainian government refusing to permit Samoylova to enter the country and Channel One, Russia’s Eurovision broadcaster, refusing to make any compromises, the EBU was left with no choice.
Samoylova was banned for three years from entering Ukraine after it was revealed she had performed in Crimea in 2015. With that region annexed by Russia, Ukraine deemed her visit there as illegal and had already announced a blacklist of artists and other public figures banned from entering Ukraine for their public support of Russia’s actions in Crimea. Samoylova was not on this list when she was selected. Despite pressure from the EBU, including a letter to the Ukrainian Prime Minster to intervene, Ukraine authorities refused to budge, and even publicly rebuked the EBU for their threat to ban UA:PBC, Ukraine’s Eurovision broadcaster, from future events. Likewise, for Russia, an offer for Samoylova to perform via satellite or to change their artist was met with similar intransigence.
Much emotion has been expressed by fans on this issue over the weeks since Samoylova was selected, with much of it starting with your personal view of Russia. As a rule, I steer clear of politics and prefer to focus on the music. That also included the contentious decision to allow Jamala’s 1944 to compete and win last year for Ukraine, which arguably was the catalyst of all this chaos. It was only after ESC 2016 that I began to have doubts about 1944, particularly as Eurovision is meant to be non-political, and that allowing even a hint of politics in the contest can see it snowball into a massive headache.
Browsing forums and social media, the most dominant impression noted was the sheer ignorance on this issue. Opinion really does seem to start with the individual’s perception of Russia, and then it’s blaze away, often with the most irrational, hypocritical and false thoughts and reasoning. So, for a better understanding of the issue, here is a list of the facts that played a part in this saga, then you make up your mind at the end.
* 1944 was a controversial song. While it explicitly was about events in 1944, there’s no doubt its purpose was to spotlight events of 2014. It could easily have been called 2014 and been just as relevant. Based on that, it should have been banned.
* A few months after Ukraine won in May of 2016, the government produced a blacklist of Russian artists banned for entry into Ukraine, with the explicit message to Russia not to pick anyone from the list. Julia Samoylova was NOT on this list despite performing in Crimea in 2015.
* Samoylova’s “crime” was to enter Crimea through a non-Ukrainian entry point. She didn’t shoot anyone. She didn’t bomb anyone. She didn’t shoot down a plane. She merely performed in a region of Ukraine that Ukraine deemed was unlawful to do without their permission. In creating their blacklist, Ukraine focused primarily on those that actually espoused pro-Russian sentiment about Crimea, not necessarily those merely entering the region. It’s doubtful they’d ever know who enters Crimea illegally anyway. After all, Samoylova wasn’t on the blacklist, and Ukraine only became of aware of it after she blabbed. If Russia really wanted to cause mischief she’d have revealed it during Eurovision.
* The EBU mentioned in a leaked letter to the Ukrainian Prime Minister dialogue with ESC organisers about security risks of anyone selected. One can only speculate that there was some sort of an agreement with UA:PBC that Ukraine could not add anyone, or ban anyone, not on the blacklist unless they were a security risk and after the EBU had been consulted. That really is the EBU’s main grievance. So Samoylova entered illegally, big deal. It doesn’t conflate to being a massive security threat, and Ukrainian authorities should have explained it to the EBU first. Besides, if Russia wants to create mischief in Kyiv, any artist or member from their delegation could be capable of that – whether they ever entered Crimea illegally or not.
* Russia’s intention was almost certainly to boycott ESC 2017. Not only were they aggrieved about 1944, they were aggrieved by the bizarre jury voting that saw them lose jury points in the grand final compared to the semi final despite twice as many juries voting. This was actually first spotlighted by one of the songwriters on Instagram. Typically raw scores of top contenders increase by 50% or 60% from the semi final to the grand final. Russia dropped from 148 to 130. Another sign of Russia’s indifference to Kyiv 2017 was the EBU said Russia had not attended the heads of delegation meeting in March, nor had booked any accommodation in Kyiv for the Eurovision period.
* Samoylova is not a victim here. Being in a wheelchair does not mean she was being used. No doubt, she was fully complicit in the process. How far back, no one knows. She might have been selected in good faith only to blab about Crimea in error. Or she was selected with full knowledge she had been to Crimea. All we know is once Samoylova revealed that she had performed in Crimea, that prompted Ukraine to consider a travel ban in accordance with their laws.
* The EBU never suggested Ukraine not uphold its laws. It only asked for an exemption, or an allowance, simply for Samoylova to compete at Eurovision. This is actually a normal and reasonable request. With nearly all laws, there’s discretion when it comes to penalties. Border laws particularly so. While criminals are barred from entering the USA as a rule, applying to a American embassy will often result in a visa granted. Of course, there’s often asylum seekers, refugees and general immigrants crossing borders illegally, and authorities make individual judgments on them – with obvious emphasis on the legitimacy of their case and their security risk. In this case with Samoylova, Ukraine even dwelt on the decision for some time, with Anton Gerashchenko, an adviser to the Ukrainian Prime Minister, saying Samoylova could attend Eurovision as long as she “doesn’t publicly announce her support for the annexation of Crimea and aggression against Ukraine”. To my knowledge, she never did. Ultimately, Ukraine saw her selection as “provocative” and hit her with the full and immediate ban of 3 years.
* Neither Russia nor Samoylova have broken any EBU rules with regards to this year’s Russian entry. Comparison’s to Georgia’s ban in 2009 or Romania’s in 2016 are nonsense when they broke EBU rules regarding political songs and unpaid debt, respectively. The ban is at Ukrainian government level, and it only applies to Samoylova, not a country. That’s why the EBU have been endeavouring to ensure Russia participates in Eurovision.
* While Ukraine remained firm on applying sanctions to their fullest and harshest extreme, Russia remained stoic in their zero tolerance to compromise – either to change the artist or allow Samoylova to perform via a satellite link from Russia. The latter option was absurd and it speaks to the EBU’s amateurish handling of the situation.
* Russian artists have been booed at previous contests, particularly 2014 and 2015, so the selection of a wheelchair-bound performer was seen as protection against that in the event Samoylova was allowed into Ukraine. Lost in this is the disgusting audience behaviour anyway. Booing artists totally betrays the ESC ethos and no doubt influenced Russia to find a sympathetic figure to perform in this potentially hostile environment. Had Russian artists been shown more decency over the past few years, then Russia would have felt more at ease at performing in Kyiv.
* Let’s pretend Russia won last year and they banned a Ukrainian artist because they entered Crimea through a non-Russian entry point, do you really think all the people currently blurting “it’s the law” against Samoylova would be doing likewise if roles were reversed? No. In fact, it would be “let them in, let them sing”.
* There’s no right or wrong in this ordeal. Ukraine, Russia and the EBU each believe their case is legitimate. More than that, Ukraine and Russia are stubborn as hell and neither want to see each other in Kyiv. That’s why there was never any hope of reconciliation.
There’s only one real winner in this, and that’s Russia. They twisted their planned boycott of ESC 2017 from that of sore loser into that of a victim. They embarrassed the EBU in the process and exposed Ukraine as petty and ridiculous. They will be salivating at the outcome, especially that they won’t even need to broadcast the event in Russia – something they probably never wanted to do either – and escape sanction for not doing it. More likely it’s Ukraine that will be sanctioned, after the event, and Russia will notch up another win. As for the EBU, two countries played them as fools, and all they could do was flap hopelessly in response. It’s been a hard lesson to learn, and surely the response next time is if there’s even a hint of politics in a song, ban it.
The Official Statement from the EBU
Following the official confirmation that Russian Eurovision entrant, Julia Samoylova, will not be permitted to travel to Kyiv to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest 2017, the EBU formally offered two alternative proposals to Channel One in a bid to find a solution that would enable Russia to continue their participation in this year’s event.
These proposals were to either take part via satellite or to change their chosen artist to one who could legally travel to Ukraine for the duration of the Contest. Sadly both proposals have been rejected by Channel One and they have now announced they do not intend to broadcast the Eurovision Song Contest 2017. Unfortunately this means Russia will no longer be able to take part in this year’s competition. We very much wanted all 43 countries to be able to participate and did all we could to achieve this.
Frank Dieter Freiling, Chairman of the Eurovision Song Contest Reference Group, the event’s steering committee, said: “We strongly condemn the Ukrainian authorities’ decision to impose a travel ban on Julia Samoylova as we believe it thoroughly undermines the integrity and non-political nature of the Eurovision Song Contest and its mission to bring all nations together in friendly competition. However, preparations continue apace for the Eurovision Song Contest in the host city Kyiv. Our top priority remains to produce a spectacular Eurovision Song Contest with our Member UA:PBC in May.”
23 July 2017: Ukraine fined; Russia reprimanded
The saga over Ukraine’s ban of Julia Samoylova at Eurovision 2017 reached its somewhat predictable conclusion with the EBU announcing the Ukrainian broadcaster, UA:PBC, has received a “substantial fine” because “attention was drawn away from the competition and the brand reputation of the Eurovision Song Contest was endangered”. The EBU felt that, with Samoylova banned, a reprimand was sufficient for Russia’s Channel One for not broadcasting the competition and for not attending the compulsory heads of delegation meeting in March.
It wasn’t long until UA:PBC responded and announced the fine was 200,00 euros and they plan to appeal it, citing “The question of rules for passing Ukrainian border and the question of responsibility for breaking such rules are not under control of the hosting broadcaster.” As stated in the original article above, this is nonsense, as it ignores the fact that upholding a law wasn’t an issue; it was the decision to apply the harshest possible penalty and also ignore the deal in place between UA:PBC and the EBU that no Russian artist would be banned unless they were a security risk or without prior consultation with the EBU. Any rational person can see Samoylova was not a security risk, and Ukraine could easily have delayed the starting point of the ban or allowed a window of exemption with strict rules like a restriction to her hotel and official Eurovision events. Instead they chose to be petty and ridiculous, and made a mockery of the Eurovision ethos to put differences aside and celebrate music. That’s the brand damage that so irks the EBU.
It remains to be seen whether the UA:PBC are serious with their threat of appeal. No doubt such actions would see them suspended from participating in Eurovision while the case is on, and quite likely suspended after the case, regardless of the result. As you can see, the EBU are so protective of their brand, that if it were tarnished further by being dragged through the courts, they’d react harshly. Personally, I’d have put this entire sordid affair behind me and left both countries with a reprimand. Remember, the EBU are partially to blame for this mess by allowing 1944 to enter for Ukraine in 2016 in the first place. That not only upset the Russians, it broke the EBU’s own rules about political songs. So why not make the tacit acknowledgement of this error by withdrawing the fine against the UA:PBC and issue a reprimand instead? A goodwill gesture has been sadly lacking from this ordeal all along, and if brand reputation is so important to the EBU, then it’s time to lead by example.
EBU Official Statement
The EBU was pleased with the 2017 Eurovision Song Contest, and commend UA:PBC, their staff, and all those who worked hard on the three live TV shows broadcast from Kyiv in May.
The organisation of the competition, however, was subject to severe delays which created unnecessary difficulties for the production. Additionally, the Host Broadcaster failed to adequately fulfil its obligations with regards to co-operating with the EBU over the participation of the Russian artist.
As a result of this, attention was drawn away from the competition and the brand reputation of the Eurovision Song Contest was endangered. Therefore the Contest’s steering committee, the ESC Reference Group, has recommended that UA:PBC should receive a substantial fine, in line with the rules of the competition.
Following speculation regarding sanctions against Russian EBU Member, Channel One, who withdrew from the competition and did not broadcast the live shows, the ESC Reference Group has recommended that there should be no further action brought against the broadcaster at this time. However, the Reference Group has reprimanded Channel One for not attending the obligatory Heads of Delegation meeting in Kyiv in March and for not broadcasting the live shows. The Reference Group felt that those breaches of the competition’s rules were offset by the fact that the Russian artist was not allowed access to participate in Ukraine.
On behalf of the ESC Reference Group, Chairman Frank Dieter Freiling from ZDF, said: “Looking ahead to next year’s competition in Portugal, the EBU wishes to emphasize its commitment to the values of the Eurovision Song Contest as an inclusive non-political event that unites audiences and where all those who are eligible and wish to participate are able to. In addition, the Reference Group hopes that representatives from both Russia and Ukraine will come together on the same stage in Portugal in a cordial and non-political competition.”
UA:PBC Official Statement
The Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine as the hosting broadcaster of Eurovision 2017 did all the best to organize successful Song Contest in Kyiv.
The high level of preparations of three shows was confirmed by guests, delegations and EBU.
The EBU was pleased with the 2017 Eurovision Song Contest, and commend UA:PBC, our staff, and all those who worked hard on the three live TV shows. The EBU informed UA:PBC they pleased with the Eurovision this year in their thank-you-letter. However, EBU also informed that sanctions against UA:PBC may occur, as the singer from Russian Federation Yulia Samoylova was not able to participate in the Song Contest due to the ban for her entry through Ukrainian border.
The decision of prohibition of entry the Ukrainian border for 3 years was made by Security Service of Ukraine after the proven fact that Samoylova broke Ukrainian law by passing the border of occupied territory of Ukraine, Crimea.
UA:PBC informed that we always follow the law and decisions of state authorities. There is no any reason for UA:PBC to break the law. What is more Eurovision or any other competition can not be an excuse for evading the law of any participating or hosting country.
Moreover UA:PBC stress your attention on the fact that public broadcaster is not a body of state authority. UA:PBC cannot change the law. The question of rules for passing Ukrainian border and the question of responsibility for breaking such rules are not under control of the hosting broadcaster.
Due to all mentioned above sanctions against UA:PBC have no reason. If such sanctions occur we will definitely appeal that according to the rules of EBU.